When bacteria get stuck to your teeth, it can form plaque, a sticky substance that clings to the surfaces and small crevices of your teeth. If not properly removed by flossing, brushing and regular professional dental cleanings at the dentist, this bacteria continues to build up, ultimately creating toxins that damage the gums over time.
Forming just below the gum line, periodontal disease forms small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth, reducing the structural integrity of your teeth and making them more likely to feel loose or fall out.
The early stages of periodontal disease are called gingivitis. During this stage, the gums may feel swollen or appear red, and they might bleed easily when you brush or floss your teeth. This is a common problem and can be eliminated with a dedicated dental care routine of brushing and flossing.
When gingivitis is left untreated, however, it will then advance into periodontitis, which can cause far more lasting damage. In this stage, the gums and bone that support your teeth become seriously and irreversibly damaged, leading to teeth that are loose, fall out or must be removed by a dentist.